Sunday, November 27, 2016

Svalbard Part II

Good things come to those who wait....;-)
It was quite a busy fall, but as promised, here part 2 of the Svalbard adventure:

The top map shows where about Svalbard is located and the bottom map shows our particular trip (the highlighted locations are the ones featured in this blog). Due to the very mild winter and an early and comparatively warm spring almost all of the ice was gone and we could circumnavigate the island.

For those of you who want a quick refresher to Svalbard, Part I, click here.

Day six brought us to the area of Worsleyneset, where the exploration of Villa Oxford and an extended hike was planned. Finding an old hut called Villa Oxford certainly peaked my curiosity....A Norwegian hunter by the name of Hilmar Nøis built a few huts in the area, his first one was called the "Texas Bar". With this kind of wit he also put an old transport box to good use and built "Oxford Villa". The box originally carried airplane parts for an English expedition, with the goal to carry out the first aerial photography over this part of Svalbard. The leader of the expedition was George Binney from....Oxford! This hut was built in 1924 and it is in excellent condition.

Just as we had our first peaks around the hut, a very exciting radio call came in....there was a polar bear in the vicinity...
We jumed back into the Zodiacs...

and everybody was looking forward to see a polar bear up and close.

And here he was...

We followed the bear for most of the remaining morning. It was interesting to watch a bear so close and observe his behavior. A moving zodiac and the collar though were not the best conditions for stunning wildlife photography ;-)

In the afternoon we headed to Monacobreen, breen stands for glacier in norwegian, and this glacier was named after Duke Albert I. of Monaco, who mapped the glacier in 1906/7.

As we left the ship, the weather did not look too promising, but this outing ended up being one of my favorite ones of the whole adventure.

Blue sky came through and illuminated the most amazing icebergs I've ever seen.

A bearded seal chillin' on an ice float.

Here a GIF of a "mini" calving of an iceberg, caught from a moving and rocking Zodiac as we were passing by.

Ice sparkling...

...and amazing reflections!

As always, please click on the image to see them in more detail!

After this excursion it was hard to go back "home".

The following day the sea was a bit rough which worked out perfectly as we had planned to check out  Sallyhamna on the east side of the Fair Haven strait, which was named so by 17th century whalers for it's convenient navigation conditions. Sallyhamna itself is a little bay protected by a peninsula, so the waters here were nice and calm.

The whalers have left the remains of their doings in the form of several blubber ovens and graves. This dwelling shown here was built by Waldemar Kræmer, who named the place after his wife Sally who joined him occasionally here.
The hut is built on top of an old blubber oven with a whaler's grave inside...shudder!!
Searching for a remote vacation cabin?

Beautiful turquoise icebergs took our attention away from blubber ovens and graves, and let us, at least for periods at a time, forget, that icy rain was hitting us from the side...

The Black Guillemot and the

Barnacle Goose were quite oblivious to the weather.

After a hearty lunch we were out again, this time to visit Smeerenburg..."Blubber town"...
Smeerenburg was was one of the largest and is now one of the best known whaling stations.  At it's peak around the 1620's, seven Dutch companies and one Danish company with up to 200 men stayed at Smeerenburg during the short summer months. Smeerenburg is also the the site of the first, intentional, wintering of Europeans on Svalbard. . A guard of seven men succesfully wintered here from 1633 to 1634, the very following year though, none of the seven guards survived...

Wind and weather took away most of the dwellings, but some artifacts are remarkably well preserved.

For me the best part of the landing was, that we could head out for an extended walk, which gave ample opportunity for macro photography, away from blubber ovens and a grim whaling history.

Feather with rain drops

Artifacts with rocks

Droplets on purple saxifrage

On day 8 we landed at Ny London in the morning...
Two huts and lots of artifacts are telling a story typical for Spitzbergens' mining "gold rush". Between 1910 and 1913, the NEC (Northern Exploration Company) invested a lot of money in trail mining here, in the hope to find large quantities of high-grade marble.

And they found marble, but in such a low quality, that it was not worthwhile to exploit it. In this time though up to 70! men worked and lived there during the summer months. hence it is one of the most extensive sites of cultural heritage in Svalbard.

Later Ny London was used by overwintering hunters and trappers. Now it is taken care of and used by the scientists and people from across the bay, Ny Alesund, for scientific and recreational purposes.

To visit this site was a real treat, as we not only had the chance to photograph all the artifacts, but we also went out for a long hike.
Below a panorama taken from the highest point, overlooking parts of Kongsfjord. Please feel free to click on the panorama to see it in greater detail.

We also witnessed two juvenile reindeer playing, they were so immersed in their playing that they didn't even mind us.

In the afternoon we went on a Zodiac cruise to the 14th July Glacier, named by afore mentioned Duke Albert I. of Monaco. He also mapped this area and took the liberty to name a few places in his favor. This glacier is named after Bastille Day, a national French holiday.

The glacier was magnificent but the winds pushed heavy waves into the bay and photographing from the Zodiac was quite a challenge.

An Atlantic Puffin, taking off...

Our last day lead us to Alkhornet. And in typical Spitzbergen summer manner, the name-giving horn-shaped mountain was covered in fog.

Huge Kittiwakes and Guillemot colonies fertilized the tundra around the mountain and a surprisingly dense and versatile vegetation is thriving here through the mild summer months.

Tufted Saxifrage

And the lush vegetation of course attracts the reindeer.

With this peaceful image of a reindeer grazing next to a gurgling small waterfall our adventure concluded and we headed back to Longyearbyen and civilization. 


Maps: Courtesy of One Ocean Expeditions

All my historical and geological references are from Rolf Stange's book: Spitsbergen - Svalbard, which is available in English as well as in German. This is THE comprehensive book for anyone interested in Svalbard!

A very good read is also Christiane Ritter's book "A Woman in the Polar Night" by an Austrian painter Christiane Ritter, who spent a whole year (1933/34) in a hut on Spitzbergen's north coast together with her husband and another companion. Well written and spell binding! 
Für meine deutschen Freunde, am besten im Orginal lesen: "Eine Frau erlebt die Polarnacht".